There are many jaw dropping architectural feats around the world, but surely the engineering brilliance that goes into building a dam must be at the top of the list. The sheer size and dimensions of theses amazing structures is awesome, but the knowledge of what the dam is actually doing makes it even more poignant. Dams are some of the most intricately designed structures in the world, as they simply have to be, and here are some of the very best.
Our first dam is located in Switzerland and is called the Verzasca Dam. It was made famous by the 007 film Goldeneye in 1995 as it featured in one of the key scenes. Unlike most dams, Verzasca looks slender, and that is because less concrete was used in its construction than there would normally be. At the base the dam is twenty-eight meters thick which tapers to only seven meters at the top. The dam is two hundred and twenty meters high and has a span of three hundred and eighty meters. The Verzasca Dam produces power through its 105 mega-wat power station.
This Tasmanian dam is remarkable in its design, it actually has a double curvature feature. It is curved both in the horizontal and the vertical which is highly unusual. The design of the construction is revolutionary as the engineers had to find a way of holding back the 12,359,040 mega-liters of water from Lake Gordon. These waters are diverted down a series of pipes nearly two thousand meters to the dam’s huge underground power station. The dam produces over ten percent of all Tasmania’s electricity.
No list of the world’s greatest dams would ever be complete without the amazing Hoover Dam. This dam has broken so many architectural and engineering records that they are too many to mention. This giant structure spans the two states of Arizona and Nevada and is a colossal two hundred and twenty meters high. At its base it is two hundred meters thick. The dam was constructed to provide flood control, hydroelectric power, water, and a place for leisure. All in all, it was an incredible feat of engineering to build this dam, as the waters of the great Colorado River had to be diverted during the construction. To achieve this there were four tunnels that had to be bored through two actual canyon walls. And it was the first and last time that this great river was under the control of man.
Translated from the word almond, the Almendra Dam is one of the highest structures in the whole of Spain. The dam holds back the Tormes River, and is part of a five dam program called the Duero Drops. The Duero Drops consist of three dams in Spain and two in neighboring Portugal. These four great dams are among the greatest in the world, as fantastic as they are to look at, they are even more impressive in the way they were constructed and the jobs that they do today.